Reducing Crime and Building Trust Through Community-Oriented Policing in Indonesia
Jakarta, September 1, 2007 — In 1999, the Indonesian National Police separated from the military structure to become its own independent entity. The transformation to an accountable, civilian police force has been an essential part of Indonesia’s transition to democracy. For over four years, The Asia Foundation has supported the development of Community-Oriented Policing (COP) programs that assist police in their efforts to reform, improve services to citizens, and reduce crime. COP programs have improved the performance of the Indonesian police and built public trust by fostering collaborative police-community partnerships that use a problem-solving approach to respond to the public safety needs and expectations of the community.
Over the past four years, the Foundation, together with PUSHAM UII (Human Rights Centre – Islamic University of Indonesia), PUSHAM UNAIR (Airlangga University), Manikaya Kauci, and the Percik Foundation, has supported the establishment of 42 community task forces in 4 provinces: Yogyakarta, East Java, Bali, and Central Java. It has been at the forefront of police reform in Indonesia. These community policing programs have led to a near 30 percent reduction of crime in Malioboro, Yogyakarta, apprehension of child traffickers in Putat Jaya, East Java, and a reduction of domestic violence in Tejakula, Bali.
Recognizing the program’s effectiveness, the Indonesian National Police Chief adopted COP as a national policy (SKEP 737/2005) in late 2005, directing the establishment of partnership forums between police and communities in 5,117 police precincts in Indonesia.
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