Posts By Patrick Barron

Notes from the Field

Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations: Why They Matter, How Aid Can Help

July 29, 2015

Where governments do not function well, growth and sustainable development are rare, and destructive, violent conflicts are more likely. Working in such fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCASs) – common across Asia and the Pacific – requires development agencies, including ADB, to do business differently.

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Notes from the Field

Can Transitional Justice Bring Peace to Thailand’s Deep South?

February 25, 2015

The conflict in Thailand’s Deep South, which has killed almost 7,000 people since 2004, is currently Southeast Asia’s most deadly. So what role might transitional justice play in nudging the South toward peace? Transitional justice (TJ) is a set of temporary mechanisms, such as prosecutions or tribunals…

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Notes from the Field

In Indonesia, Database Tracking Violence Provides Insights on Preventing Conflict

January 14, 2015

From 1999 to 2008, subnational conflicts (SNCs) killed at least 100,000 people in Asia with half of the countries in South and Southeast Asia affected. Asian SNCs last on average twice as long as the global average and typically reignite after periods of calm.

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In The News

Subnational Conflict: New Approaches Needed

August 13, 2014

In last week’s In Asia, I examined how the rise of Asia in recent decades has been accompanied by a growth in deadly subnational conflicts (SNCs). These conflicts are occurring across the continent, including in middle-income and otherwise stable states. Democratization has not been a cure. Asia’s subnational conflicts last twice as long as those elsewhere in the world.

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In The News

Subnational Conflict: The Dark Underbelly of a Rising Asia

August 6, 2014

Asia’s rise has been momentous. Since the early 1960s, Asia has grown richer faster than any other region in the world. In 1990, 56 percent of people in East Asia and 54 percent in South Asia lived on under $1.25 a day (PPP). By 2010, these rates had fallen to 12 percent and 31 percent…

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Notes from the Field

Lessons from Aceh: Early Focus on Institutions Critical to Cementing Peace

June 12, 2013

Aceh – Indonesia’s western-most province which endured three decades of a secessionist civil war that left at least 15,000 dead – is frequently cited as the best recent example in Asia of a successful peace process. However, eight years after the Helsinki accord brought an end to the conflict, new forms of localized violence are now emerging.

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