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The Case of Aceh, Indonesia
Patrick Barron, Erman Rahmant, Kharisma Nugroho
From The Contested Corners of Asia: Subnational Conflict and International Development Assistance.
Aceh is the best example in Asia of the transformation of a violent conflict into an enduring peace. The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) of 2005, signed by the Indonesian government and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM), brought a three-decade war to an end. Eight years on, peace continues and few expect large-scale violence to reemerge. This report looks at development assistance to the province since the peace agreement was signed and asks whether, and in what ways, it has supported the war-to-peace transition. The report draws on new data including a large perceptions survey, locality case studies, a stock-take of aid, and key informant interviews. The report also utilizes official statistics, violence data, and previous studies of aid and conflict in Aceh.