The Asia Foundation

The Asia Foundation

Improving Lives
Expanding Opportunities

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Environment Programs in Mongolia


Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is a form of subsistence mining providing direct or indirect livelihoods for thousands of people in response to persistent and widespread poverty in Mongolia. From the beginning, artisanal miners were marginalized from society for their destructive behaviours toward the environment. This prevented them from achieving their full economic potential and from developing sustainable environmental practices. The Engaging Stakeholders in Environmental Conservation Project (ESEC II) is aimed at addressing the environmental challenges of ASM by helping to mitigate the negative environmental impacts of past and present mining practices through the provision of environmental tools, capacity-building, and encouraging a collaborative planning approach to permitting and environmental management.


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