Myanmar Governance Discussion Paper Series

 

The Provision of Public Goods and Services in Urban Areas in Myanmar

February 15, 2017

With over a third of the Myanmar’s population living in urban areas, the governance of towns and cities is of increasing importance. With rising rates of urbanization and population growth, urban services are a critical interface between citizens and government. Outside of Yangon, Mandalay and Nay Pyi Taw, urban agencies called Development Affairs… Read more

State and Region Financing, Budgeting and Planning in Myanmar cover image 

State and Region Financing, Planning and Budgeting in Myanmar

February 8, 2017

Effective subnational public financial management is essential if state and region governments are to achieve their potential in addressing local and national policy development priorities, including the delivery of public services in their areas of jurisdiction. This report provides a foundation for a better understanding of the current subnationa… Read more

 

Strengthening Government Policymaking in Myanmar

May 13, 2016

This note asks how Myanmar’s democratically elected government can improve policymaking processes. It summarizes internationally recognized properties of good policies before considering how policymaking happens in Myanmar and proposing measures to adopt in the future. Burmese version

 

Strengthening Policy Institutes in Myanmar

May 13, 2016

This note considers how policy institutes can systematically and effectively support policy processes in Myanmar. Opportunities for improved policymaking have grown following reforms and the gradual introduction of democracy. The November 2015 elections in which the National League for Democracy (NLD) won by a landslide created further potential to… Read more

 

Gender (in)Equality in the Governance of Myanmar: Past, Present, and Potential Strategies for Change

May 6, 2016

Given the enormous potential for real change in Myanmar and because women still face many challenges in their ability to participate in the decision making process, it is important that the inclusivity and equality of governance is not sidelined but remains central in the public discourse. In this context, The Asia Foundation (the Foundation) is pl… Read more

 

Local Economic Governance in Myanmar

February 22, 2016

Local economic governance is a critical dimension in Myanmar’s drive to reform, decentralize and achieve more inclusive and stable development. How businesses and individuals engage with the government in their income and revenue generation efforts and creating employment in the local communities in the process is pertinent to larger economic refor… Read more

 

Local Development Funds in Myanmar

October 27, 2015

Since 2011, Myanmar has embarked on a series of development reforms to promote a more “people centered” and “bottom-up” approach to government planning and budgeting. Inter alia, these reforms have led to the establishment of Local Development Funds (LDFs) to identify and fund community development projects. LDFs in Myanmar, and the government inst… Read more

 

State and Region Public Finances in Myanmar

October 13, 2015

This paper focuses on understanding the role of state and region governments in relation to Myanmar’s public finances. This has been done to take stock of existing research, better understand the composition of subnational finances, and attempt to address whether, at this point in the fiscal decentralization process, state and region governments ha… Read more

 

Municipal Governance in Myanmar

September 25, 2015

This report provides an overview of how Development Affairs Organizations manage municipal governance in Myanmar and concludes with considerations for further policy development. The municipal governance of Yangon City and Mandalay City is not covered in this report because unique provisions for the Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC) and the… Read more

 

Conceptualizing Public Sector Reform in Myanmar

August 7, 2015

The purpose of this paper is to set out some of the issues involved in thinking about public sector reform in Myanmar and assist in establishing a common platform for dialogue on this important topic. The paper seeks to explain how reform of the public sector is an essential part of the transition from a form of authoritarianism to democracy, and t… Read more

 

State and Region Governments in Myanmar

March 31, 2015

Subnational governance institutions and central-local relations are critical to the future of Myanmar, and they are undergoing significant change. This report aims to inform policy-makers, political actors, donors, and other stakeholders about the new state and region structures created under the 2008 Constitution, and their relationship with broad… Read more

 

Myanmar 2014: Civic Knowledge and Values in a Changing Society

December 11, 2014

A survey to document public knowledge and awareness of new government institutions and processes, and to gauge the political, social, and economic values held by people from diverse backgrounds, to inform the country’s long-term development. The survey included face-to-face interviews with more than 3,000 respondents across all 14 Myanmar states an… Read more

 

Administering the State in Myanmar

October 23, 2014

Basic administration in Myanmar is provided by the General Administration Department (GAD) of the Ministry of Home Affairs. GAD administrators manage subnational administrative structures stretching from states and regions down to districts, townships and all of the country’s approximately 16,700 wards and village tracts. Although the GAD is except… Read more

 

Public Financial Management in Myanmar

October 7, 2014

Observations from training needs assessment and pilot trainings conducted by The Asia Foundation, VNG International, and Myanmar Development Resource Institute’s Centre for Economic and Social Development (MDRI-CESD). This program brief describes the training needs assessment, training program design and implementation, highlights key capacity need… Read more

 

Catalyzing Subnational Development in Myanmar

September 16, 2014

Balancing Local Preferences with National and Sector Policy Since assuming power in April 2011, the Thein Sein government has begun to implement a wide range of reform initiatives. Central to these are decentralization and local governance, issues of critical importance to the country’s long-term development. In light of this situation, The Asia Fo… Read more

 

Fiscal Decentralization in Myanmar: Towards a Roadmap for Reform

July 1, 2014

The Myanmar Development Resource Institute’s Centre for Economic and Social Development (MDRI‐CESD) and The Asia Foundation are pleased to present this fifth volume in the Subnational Governance in Myanmar Discussion Paper Series. Fiscal decentralization forms the backbone of Myanmar’s efforts to strengthen public services, encourage development ac… Read more

 

Natural Resources and Subnational Governments in Myanmar: Key considerations for wealth sharing

June 15, 2014

The Myanmar Development Resource Institute’s Centre for Economic and Social Development (MDRI-CESD) and The Asia Foundation are pleased to present this fourth volume in the Subnational Governance in Myanmar Discussion Paper Series. Myanmar’s government has announced a commitment to both greater transparency in natural resource sectors and to furthe… Read more

 

Women’s Participation in the Subnational Governance of Myanmar

June 13, 2014

The Myanmar Development Resource Institute’s Centre for Economic and Social Development (MDRI-CESD) and The Asia Foundation are pleased to present this third volume in the Subnational Governance in Myanmar Discussion Paper Series. This paper outlines women’s participation in the various forms of subnational governance in Myanmar, discuss why women’… Read more

 

Subnational Governments and Business in Myanmar

February 25, 2014

The Myanmar Development Resource Institute’s Centre for Economic and Social Development (MDRI-CESD) and The Asia Foundation are pleased to present this second volume in the Subnational Governance in Myanmar Discussion Paper Series. Report (Burmese version)

 

A Preliminary Assessment of Decentralization in Education: Experiences in Mon State and Yangon Region

February 19, 2014

The Myanmar Development Resource Institute’s Centre for Economic and Social Development (MDRI-CESD) and The Asia Foundation are pleased to present the first volume in the Subnational Governance in Myanmar Discussion Paper Series. This discussion paper examines decentralization within the formal education system in Myanmar in Yangon Region and Mon S… Read more

 

Myanmar Library Survey

February 3, 2014

A comprehensive study of the country’s public libraries and information needs. The Asia Foundation and the Myanmar Book Aid and Preservation Foundation are pleased to present the first-ever national survey of Myanmar’s public libraries. Executive Summary Executive Summary (Burmese)