Peace & Conflict in Myanmar

 

Ceasefires, Governance, and Development: The Karen National Union in Times of Change

February 24, 2017

Publication

The Asia Foundation is pleased to present this report, which examines the governance dynamics in southeastern Myanmar around the 67-year-old conflict between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Myanmar state. Ceasefires and political change over time have enabled the state to expand its presence in areas where previously only the military had op… Read more

 

Ethnic Armed Actors and Justice Provision in Myanmar

October 27, 2016

Publication

As a result of decades of ongoing civil war, large areas of Myanmar remain outside government rule, or are subject to mixed control and governance by the government and an array of ethnic armed actors (EAAs). These included ethnic armed organizations, with ceasefires or in conflict with the state, as well as state-backed ethnic paramilitary organiz… Read more

 

Strength in Diversity: Towards Universal Education in Myanmar’s Ethnic Areas

October 11, 2016

Publication

This study details the role and operations of non-state education providers in ethnic areas, specifically Mon, Shan and Karen States, and the interface with state education. This paper terms education providers connected to ethnic armed groups, and other community-based providers, as ethnic basic education providers (EBEPs), which have been providi… Read more

 

Militias in Myanmar

July 11, 2016

Publication

The Asia Foundation report titled Militias in Myanmar provides an overview on militias in Myanmar. This report presents background information on militias and a typology of militias useful for understanding the diversity of militias operating in Myanmar. The report draws on the experiences of militias in other conflicts and examines issues related… Read more

 

Achieving Health Equity in Contested Areas of Southeast Myanmar

July 11, 2016

Publication

The Asia Foundation is pleased to present this research report on health equity and healthcare provision in Myanmar’s contested regions. The report provides an overview of existing health service arrangements in these areas, from both the Ministry of Health and from ethnic and community-based health organizations. It then unpacks the concept of “co… Read more

 

The Contested Corners of Asia – Executive Summary (Burmese)

May 4, 2016

Publication

(In Burmese) Subnational conflict is the most widespread, deadly and enduring, form of conflict in Asia. Over the past 20 years, there have been 26 subnational conflicts in South and Southeast Asia, affecting half of the countries in this region. These conflicts are among the world’s longest running armed struggles, often lasting for multiple gener… Read more

 

Schooling and Conflict: Ethnic Education and Mother Tongue-based Teaching in Myanmar

February 22, 2016

Publication

Education and language policies and practices are at the heart of ethnic conflicts in Myanmar. For decades, the state has emphasized a centralized, Myanmar language only education system that many ethnic groups felt provided no place for their own languages to be practiced which by extension, threatened their cultures and ethnic identities. The cou… Read more

 

Ethnic Armed Conflict and Territorial Administration in Myanmar

August 27, 2015

Publication

The Asia Foundation carried out research in 2015 to examine and compare de jure and de facto administration systems in Myanmar’s conflict affected areas, and how they relate to long-held disputes over constitutional arrangements for subnational governance.This report seeks to provide a better understanding of the complex political geography in cont… Read more

 

Ethnic Conflict and Social Services in Myanmar’s Contested Regions

June 17, 2014

Publication

With development aid commitments on the rise, Myanmar has the potential to greatly strengthen the delivery of health, education, and other social services. However, while it is established practice for aid agencies to back state-led development strategies, this presents complications in some of Myanmar’s conflict affected areas where ethnic armed o… Read more