Urban Governance Project in Mongolia
Since the 1990s, Mongolia has undergone dramatic political and economic transition. Despite the recent economic downturn, following years of unprecedented growth from 2010-2014, significant rural to urban migration persists as employment opportunities and living conditions are perceived to be better in Mongolia’s capital Ulaanbaatar. As a result, almost half of the country’s three million inhabitants now live in the capital. Migrants from the countryside often settle in ger areas, which have become sprawling unplanned neighborhoods with unequal access to basic public services, including water, waste and sewage pipelines, the central heating system, and electricity. By increasing access to information about citizens’ priorities for decision-makers and planners, enhancing access to public services at khoroo level, and improving the capacity of khoroo civil servants and administrators, the Urban Governance Project (UGP) seeks to contribute to better urban livelihoods.