Alternative Dispute Resolution


In Pakistan: Women, Mediation, and the Law

July 7, 2021

Blog Post

More and more lawyers in Pakistan are women, and many are finding that alternative dispute resolution offers career opportunities that suit their commitment to gender-inclusive justice.


Mainstreaming Alternative Dispute Resolution for Equitable Access in Pakistan

October 30, 2020

Program Snapshot Post

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is attracting increasing attention, especially since Pakistan’s formal legal system is overwhelmed with cases. Many marginalized persons, especially those in impoverished communities and women, find it difficult to access the legal system in Pakistan due to the stigma attached to approaching courts, inability to… Read more

Pakistan law firm 

Alternative Dispute Resolution Gains Traction in Pakistan

December 18, 2019

Blog Post

Pakistan’s courts are overloaded. Civil litigation can often span decades, sometimes outliving the litigants. But with new legislation and support from The Asia Foundation, alternative dispute resolution is quickly becoming an accepted alternative that can speed the delivery of justice.


Meet One of Pakistan’s Pioneering Women Judges

March 27, 2019

Blog Post

The law is a predominantly male profession in Pakistan. While women are now a significant presence in the nation’s law schools, female lawyers are rare, and judges even rarer. The patriarchal culture that prevails in the country generally deems women “unsuited” for the rough and tumble of legal practice, and they are routinely discouraged, in ways… Read more


Tackling the Backlog in Pakistan’s Courts

August 29, 2018

Blog Post

In his old age, a longstanding property dispute became the bane of Abdul Hamid Khan’s existence. The father of four sons and three daughters in Punjab’s Rahimyar district, Khan had been left, like Shakespeare’s King Lear, without a roof over his head. It was a dispute over land inheritance. In 2010, Khan transferred all his property, some 16 acres,… Read more

Pakistan law firm 

Alternative Dispute Resolution: A Paradigm Shift in Pakistan’s Justice System?

July 26, 2017

Blog Post

According to the World Justice Project’s latest Rule of Law Index, Pakistan ranks near the bottom in its ability to ensure protection of fundamental rights and advancing civil and criminal justice. Beyond the impact that this has on citizens, the challenges facing Pakistan’s justice system also impede economic development and drive inequality. Now… Read more


Women Leaders Step Up to Strengthen Alternative Dispute Mechanisms in Pakistan

March 8, 2017

Blog Post

In January, Pakistan’s National Assembly approved a government bill for out-of-court settlements, known as the Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR) Bill. The move paves the way for non-traditional dispute mechanisms, such as the jirga or panchayat, to complement the formal system of justice and provide a means of settling disputes outside of Pakistan… Read more


A Multi-Actor Dialogue Model for Public Land Dispute Resolution in Vietnam

March 22, 2016


Over the last two decades, economic and regulatory reforms in Vietnam have stimulated a vibrant residential land market, an urban construction boom and an ascendant middle class. But these reforms have also unleashed waves of conflict over land. “Hot spots” have erupted where people directly, and sometimes violently, challenge state land policies a… Read more