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Subnational Governance

The Foundation’s decentralization or subnational governance programming is primarily pursued from the bottom up, often working at the intersection between subnational governments, citizens, and civil society groups. Working across fiscal, administrative, and political realms, our efforts seek better development outcomes through the delivery of more responsive and effective local government, whether that be through the pursuit of better budgeting practices or designing better service delivery mechanisms. While we do find ourselves engaging national-level government institutions through this work, much of it is in pursuit of improving multi-level governmental relations, coordination between different levels, and supporting central governments to better deliver on their decentralization commitments and agendas.

National Dialogue on Local Budgeting Brings Together Provincial, District, and Commune Officials in Cambodia 

March 22, 2024

Program Snapshot

On March 15, The Asia Foundation in Cambodia and its partner, the Coalition for Partnership in Democratic Development, organized the second national dialogue on “Promoting the Transparent and Accountable Management of Local Funds in Cambodia.” The dialogue brought together 174 participants, of which 40% were local women leaders. The event served as… Read more

Brightly lit pagoda at night along Patan Reservoir 

Nepal’s Unsteady Progress towards Fiscal Federalism

July 7, 2021

Blog and Podcast

Nepal’s newly created provincial governments got their budgets for next year done on time, but the nation’s ambitious commitment to fiscal federalism still has some kinks to work out.

people seated in a room looking at the stage 

The Asia Foundation and SILAKA Promote Transparent and Accountable Management of Local Funds in Cambodia

Phnom Penh, February 9, 2021


The Asia Foundation and SILAKA with support from the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade launched a three-year project, “Promoting the Transparent and Accountable Management of Local Funds in Cambodia.” The event was presided over by H.E. Ngan Chamroeun, Secretary of State, Ministry of Interior, and Head of National Committee for Sub-… Read more


Can a Sweeping New Law Counter Nepal’s Federal Overreach?

September 2, 2020

Blog and Podcast

In July, Nepal’s national parliament passed the most important single law in that nation’s young federal system. Will the flawed but vital legislation mark the start of a new era of governance, or will it be lost in the dungeons of Nepal’s imperfect policies of the past?


In Nepal, Federalism, Health Policy, and the Pandemic

June 10, 2020

Blog and Podcast

Across Nepal, the coronavirus pandemic is confronting cities and towns with a defining challenge to that nation’s nascent federal system, as young local governments struggle to meet their constitutional public-health mandate.