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Urban Services


Adapting to Electricity Shortages—Learning from Yangon Households and Small Businesses

December 7, 2023


Access to reliable electricity in Myanmar has long been a challenge, with the 2021 coup exacerbating the situation. As experts predict a worsening crisis, this report delves into the impact on households and small businesses in Yangon, exploring the solutions they employ. The study examines the complexities faced by individuals and small businesses… Read more


Ulaanbaatar Household Waste Composition Study Report 2019

February 14, 2020


The Ulaanbaatar City Mayor’s Office and The Waste and Climate Change Project of The Asia Foundation, funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment. Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety as well as the International Environmental Technology Center of the United Nations Environment Program successfully conducted a household was… Read more


Mongolia: Increasing Citizen Participation in Local Decision-Making

November 7, 2018

Blog and Podcast

As rural Mongolians continue to move to the capital, Ulaanbaatar, in record numbers, the city has struggled to provide needed services, especially in the rapidly growing ger areas. The Municipality of Ulaanbaatar, under new leadership since 2016, has sought to improve public-service delivery and better target available development funds by increasi… Read more


The Asia Foundation and Renaissance Institute Facilitate Yangon Workshop for Municipal Leaders

Yangon, January 19, 2018


Local representatives gather to share experiences in urban planning and reform efforts The Asia Foundation, together with respected Myanmar policy think tank Renaissance Institute, held a three-day workshop from January 15 to 17 for state, region, and municipal representatives to share their experiences and learn from each other. In attendance were… Read more

Mongolia community mapping 

Mongolia’s Local Leaders Essential to Urban Service Delivery

September 6, 2017

Blog and Podcast

In Mongolia’s 2016 parliamentary elections, the opposition party won a landslide victory—taking 65 of the 76 seats, on a promise to boost the economy and tackle poverty. In 2011, Mongolia’s economy grew by 17 percent and attracted billions of dollars in foreign investment. Now, the country is in a state of financial crisis. For years, Mongolia… Read more

Garbage in Cambodia 

Poor Waste Management Threatens Phnom Penh

July 27, 2016

Blog and Podcast

As more rural residents move to Phnom Penh in search of work, the city’s population has nearly doubled over the last decade. Estimates suggest it could reach 2.9 million by 2025. Meanwhile, new construction projects have driven thousands of urban poor out of the city center to peri-urban areas where services are few or non-existent. Cambodia’s capi… Read more


Trends That Will Shape Asia’s Economic Future (Part 2)

February 11, 2015

Blog and Podcast

In last week’s blog, I highlighted four top trends to look out for in Asia’s economic future, including: Asia as the driver of growth, the growing tide of inequality and disparity, Asia’s trendsetters, and regional integration and regional fragmentation. Here are four more top trends to watch…