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Access to Justice


Mainstreaming Disability Issues in Prison Reform: Experiences and Lessons Learned from the Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Justice 2

July 24, 2024


Since 2012, The Asia Foundation, in collaboration with the Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Justice, has been actively addressing disability issues within the justice sector. One of the key initiatives involves fostering collaboration between civil society organizations and disabled persons organizations to strengthen policy advocacy in the just… Read more


In Mongolia, a Hand Up for Young Legal Professionals

July 3, 2024

Blog and Podcast

Mongolia needs more lawyers to support its increasingly complex society. Professional mentorships supported by The Asia Foundation are helping the justice system rise to the challenge. 


Formative Research on Child Trafficking Overview

April 19, 2024


This project employs formative research to generate evidence about child trafficking victims in three target sectors in Nepal—the adult entertainment sector, cross-border trafficking forced labor in brick kilns, garment and carpet manufacturing, and domestic work. It also aims to generate data and evidence on child trafficking in Nepal that will in… Read more


The Makassar City Government to Publish the Mayor’s Regulation (Perwali) on Restorative Justice’s Support Services

April 3, 2024

Program Snapshot

The Makassar city government, in collaboration with YLBHI LBH Makassar, is currently in the final stages of drafting the Mayor’s Regulation (Perwali) on Restorative Justice’s Support Services in Indonesia. The regulation is supported by the Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Justice 2 (AIPJ2) through The Asia Foundation and outlines the procedures… Read more


Pacific RISE-CTIP Information Sheet

April 11, 2023


Pacific Island countries have been identified as sources, transit points, and destinations for trafficking in persons (TIP), especially sex and labor trafficking. Fragile economies, unemployment, harmful social norms, and growing international crime put vulnerable groups at risk of exploitation. The Asia Foundation is implementing the Pacific Regio… Read more


Addressing Human Trafficking Across Asia and the Pacific

March 28, 2023


The Asia Foundation’s sustained engagement across Asia and the Pacific for 70 years has positioned us to support effective, locally driven, trauma-informed, and survivor-centered strategies to prevent and respond to human trafficking within and across borders.


For Indonesians Who Can’t Afford a Lawyer, Justice Is Out of Reach

February 8, 2023

Blog and Podcast

In Indonesia, there simply aren’t enough pro bono lawyers to go around.

Three boats at sea in Suva, Fiji. 

A Pacific Solution to a Pacific Challenge: A Human-Rights Approach to Human Trafficking

February 8, 2023

Blog and Podcast

With porous borders and limited resources for enforcement, The Pacific Islands are especially susceptible to sex and labor trafficking.


Laos – Legal Aid and Access to Justice

April 20, 2022


Overview of Laos office Legal Aid and Access to Justice Program activities, including expanding access to legal aid through legal aid offices and clinics, and increasing the number of lawyers providing legal aid and the number of female lawyers in the country through scholarships for professional legal training and internships.


“Хүн худалдаалах гэмт хэргийн хохирогчдод туслалцаа үзүүлэх үндэсний механизмын зураглал” судалгааны тайлан

November 23, 2021


Азийн сан нь Хүйсийн тэгш эрх төв ТББ-ын судалгааны багтай хамтран “Хүн худалдаалах гэмт хэргийн хохирогчдод туслалцаа үзүүлэх үндэсний механизмын зураглал” судалгааг хийж гүйцэтгэлээ. Энэхүү судалгаагаар хүн худалдаалах гэмт хэргийн хохирогчдод үзүүлэх туслалцаа, үйлчилгээг зураглан, тэдгээрийн чанар, хүртээмж болон энэ чиглэлээр гарсан хууль, жур… Read more


Handbook on Victim Assistance

September 30, 2021


This handbook is for those who directly interact with and provide services to victim-survivors of domestic, sexual, and gender-based violence, including first responders and those providing counseling and legal aid services. The handbook was compiled for Women in Need (WIN) with The Asia Foundation’s technical support. It was developed through a co… Read more


Inside Justice: Enabling Justice for Victim Survivors of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence, Notes for Legal Practitioners

September 30, 2021


This report consists of brief notes for legal professionals including judicial officers, lawyers, prosecutors, and legal aid providers as well as aspiring legal professionals and law students. Highlighting the need for gender-sensitive legal practitioners, the report presents findings documented through the exploration of formal justice sector resp… Read more


In Pakistan: Women, Mediation, and the Law

July 7, 2021

Blog and Podcast

More and more lawyers in Pakistan are women, and many are finding that alternative dispute resolution offers career opportunities that suit their commitment to gender-inclusive justice.


Mapping of Data on Human Trafficking in Sri Lanka

March 24, 2021


An initial data mapping of Trafficking in Persons (TIP) data reporting and recording mechanisms was conducted in 2018. The mapping of government stakeholders included members of the National Anti-Human Trafficking Taskforce and the nature of TIP data collected by each member organization and its referral mechanism. A mapping of TIP data reporting a… Read more


Checklist to Identify Potential Victims of Human Trafficking

March 24, 2021


A checklist was created by The Asia Foundation and the National Anti Human Trafficking Taskforce in 2019 to screen and identify potential victims of Trafficking in Persons (TIP). The objective of developing this checklist was to provide a standard screening tool for any first responder to identify and flag a potential victim of TIP. This first info… Read more


Ending Child Trafficking in Mongolia

February 24, 2021


In Mongolia, human trafficking, especially trafficking in children, is becoming increasingly discreet and organized. Effective partnership between government, civil society, and private sector is essential in tackling this crime. Comprehensive knowledge on how to identify and protect child victims and prosecute perpetrators is crucial to prevent an… Read more


Connecting Private Lawyers with Women Victims of Violence in Indonesia

December 9, 2020

Blog and Podcast

In the vast archipelago of Indonesia, lawyers in remote areas are hard to find. As pandemic stress has caused rates of violence against women to soar, a new project from The Asia Foundation is connecting rural victims with pro bono lawyers eager to help.


Mainstreaming Alternative Dispute Resolution for Equitable Access in Pakistan

October 30, 2020

Program Snapshot

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is attracting increasing attention, especially since Pakistan’s formal legal system is overwhelmed with cases. Many marginalized persons, especially those in impoverished communities and women, find it difficult to access the legal system in Pakistan due to the stigma attached to approaching courts, inability to… Read more


The Asia Foundation Supports Legal Aid in Laos

August 24, 2020


On August 14, 2020, The Asia Foundation provided a grant to the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) in Laos to further implement the Memorandum of Understanding on Access to Justice and Legal Aid Support for January 2020 to May 2023. The ministry plans to open legal aid offices in all provinces and districts of Laos, and the Foundation will provide support t… Read more

Pakistan law firm 

Alternative Dispute Resolution Gains Traction in Pakistan

December 18, 2019

Blog and Podcast

Pakistan’s courts are overloaded. Civil litigation can often span decades, sometimes outliving the litigants. But with new legislation and support from The Asia Foundation, alternative dispute resolution is quickly becoming an accepted alternative that can speed the delivery of justice.


Water, Gender, and Poverty in Cambodia’s Stung Chinit Watershed

December 4, 2019

Blog and Podcast

Cambodia’s Stung Chinit Watershed is one of the world’s most productive ecosystems, but it is also among Cambodia’s poorest regions, where inequalities of gender and poverty can make water for drinking and agriculture scarce or unavailable.


On the Anniversary of Independence, How Secure Is Timor-Leste?

September 25, 2019

Blog and Podcast

Last month, Dili played host to visiting government officials from more than 20 countries, including Prime Minister Scott Morrison of Australia, to celebrate the twentieth anniversary of Timor-Leste’s vote for independence on August 30, 1999. As the excitement and gravitas of the nationwide festivities taper off, and the dry-season dust resettles o… Read more


A Long Road: Access to Justice in Laos

June 19, 2019

Blog and Podcast

When her father died suddenly last year, the family of Mrs. Somleuthai (her name has been changed for privacy) started to break apart. Her father, a small farmer, had left an inheritance, 2.5 hectares of land in the rural district of Xayabouly. Her mother and each of her six siblings insisted that they had the rights to all of it. The fighting went… Read more


The Asia Foundation Convenes Experts to Advance Legal Education in the Philippines

Manila, June 7, 2019


The Asia Foundation, with support from the International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Office of the U.S. Department of State, has been working in close partnership with the Supreme Court and the Philippine Association of Law Schools on the Strengthening Rule of Law Through Legal Aid Clinics in the Philippines project. The project aims to o… Read more


Meet One of Pakistan’s Pioneering Women Judges

March 27, 2019

Blog and Podcast

The law is a predominantly male profession in Pakistan. While women are now a significant presence in the nation’s law schools, female lawyers are rare, and judges even rarer. The patriarchal culture that prevails in the country generally deems women “unsuited” for the rough and tumble of legal practice, and they are routinely discouraged, in ways… Read more


Community Mediation in Nepal: “A Hospital That Stitches Broken Hearts”

February 13, 2019

Blog and Podcast

Much of Nepal is mountainous and remote, connected by unimproved roads and paths and far from the services and amenities of the city. Among those services is the formal justice system, a central function of the state that has long been out of reach for poor and rural Nepalis. It takes considerable time and money to travel to a district court and fi… Read more


This Land Is Our Land: How Drones Can Advance Property Rights in the Philippines

November 7, 2018

Blog and Podcast

The Philippines has a real estate problem. Half the real property in the country—approximately 12 million parcels of land—has no legal title. Like many countries in Asia, the island nation is experiencing rapid urbanization, and a large proportion of these urban residents in particular lack official titles to the plots of land they live on, which h… Read more

Mediation group in Sri Lanka 

Approaches to Community Mediation in Asia

September 10, 2018


Tuesday, September 11, 2018 3:00-4:30 PM Community-based mediation is a proven alternative or complementary mechanism for resolving conflict and ensuring equal access to justice in countries that face a combination of capacity, time and cost, and social and cultural constraints that limit public access to formal legal services. In Asia, mediated di… Read more


Tackling the Backlog in Pakistan’s Courts

August 29, 2018

Blog and Podcast

In his old age, a longstanding property dispute became the bane of Abdul Hamid Khan’s existence. The father of four sons and three daughters in Punjab’s Rahimyar district, Khan had been left, like Shakespeare’s King Lear, without a roof over his head. It was a dispute over land inheritance. In 2010, Khan transferred all his property, some 16 acres,… Read more


Seven Questions to Consider When Promoting Gender Justice in Sri Lanka

June 6, 2018

Blog and Podcast

In October 2016, The Asia Foundation’s Sri Lanka office began a project to make that country’s formal justice system more responsive to victims of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). Seventeen months later, and after five decades of working with security and justice institutions and promoting women’s rights in Sri Lanka, here are our insights… Read more


Can Myanmar’s Libraries Help Combat Human Trafficking?

March 28, 2018

Blog and Podcast

In June, the U.S. State Department Trafficking in Persons Report moved Myanmar up to Tier 2 on its watch list, acknowledging “significant efforts” to combat human trafficking and forced labor in the country. For a country undergoing rapid reform and still grappling with a transition to democracy, the news was welcome, but caught some by surprise. E… Read more


Myanmar’s Girls Speak Up Against Violence

February 14, 2018

Blog and Podcast

As Myanmar emerges from decades of military rule, challenges surrounding urbanization, governance, and gender-based discrimination are becoming more evident. In this critical transition, a number of organizations are stepping up to ensure that women and girls are heard, including Colorful Girls, a grassroots organization leading a movement to empow… Read more


Improving Victim-Centered Investigations and Prosecutions of TIP Cases in Mongolia

August 28, 2017


Mongolia is a source, transit, and destination country for women, men, and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. While the Mongolian legal environment has significantly improved in combating trafficking in persons (TIP), weaknesses remain in victim identification, victim protection, and compensation to the victims. The Asia Founda… Read more


Хүн Худалдаалах Гэмт Хэргийн Хохирогч Төвтэй Мөрдөн Шалгах Ажиллагаа, Прокурорын Хяналтыг Сайжруулах Нь

August 28, 2017


Монгол улс нь эрэгтэй, эмэгтэй хүмүүс болон хүүхдийг албадан хөдөлмөр эрхлүүлэх, бэлгийн мөлжлөгт ашиглах зорилгоор худалдаалах гэмт хэргийн илгээгч, хүлээн авагч, дамжин өнгөрөгч улсуудын нэгт тооцогдож байна. Монгол Улсын Засгийн газар сүүлийн жилүүдэд хүн худалдаалах гэмт хэрэгтэй (ХХГХ) тэмцэх чиглэлээр хууль эрх зүйн орчинд тодорхой ахиц дэвши… Read more

Pakistan law firm 

Alternative Dispute Resolution: A Paradigm Shift in Pakistan’s Justice System?

July 26, 2017

Blog and Podcast

According to the World Justice Project’s latest Rule of Law Index, Pakistan ranks near the bottom in its ability to ensure protection of fundamental rights and advancing civil and criminal justice. Beyond the impact that this has on citizens, the challenges facing Pakistan’s justice system also impede economic development and drive inequality. Now… Read more

Anti-human trafficking rally in Nepal 

Labor Migration: A Gender-Neutral Lens to Human Trafficking

July 12, 2017

Blog and Podcast

The issue of human trafficking took center stage in the global development discourse with the release of the U.S. State Department’s annual Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report on June 27, 2017. The report assesses the progress made by countries worldwide to combat human trafficking and grades them into three tier ratings. Nepal has once again been… Read more

Delhi street scene 

Creating an Ecosystem of Support for Trafficking Survivors in India

April 12, 2017

Blog and Podcast

South Asia has the dubious distinction of being the fastest-growing and second-largest region for human trafficking in the world, with India at its epicentre as a source, destination, and transit country. Despite recent government data that indicates that reporting of cases of human trafficking in India has increased by almost 25 percent, the… Read more


Women Leaders Step Up to Strengthen Alternative Dispute Mechanisms in Pakistan

March 8, 2017

Blog and Podcast

In January, Pakistan’s National Assembly approved a government bill for out-of-court settlements, known as the Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR) Bill. The move paves the way for non-traditional dispute mechanisms, such as the jirga or panchayat, to complement the formal system of justice and provide a means of settling disputes outside of Pakistan… Read more

Survey on Access to Land, Tenure Security and Land Conflicts in Timor-Leste cover image 

Survey on Access to Land, Tenure Security and Land Conflicts in Timor-Leste

January 15, 2017


This study aimed to pilot an innovative land survey to provide quantitative data regarding land-related issues in Timor-Leste, in order to support the Timorese government and parliament in developing evidence-based land policies and legislation, as well as more informed advocacy of civil society. The results of this pilot in the municipalities of D… Read more

Key Findings from the Survey on Access to Land, Tenure Security and Land Conflicts in Timor-Leste cover image 

Key Findings from the Survey on Access to Land, Tenure Security and Land Conflicts in Timor-Leste

January 15, 2017


A Land Policy Brief Continued stability and future development in Timor-Leste are dependent on establishing the necessary legal and administrative mechanisms for providing access to land, land tenure security, as well as preventing and addressing land-related conflict. The survey interviewed representatives of 1,152 households between 3 and 8 of Se… Read more


India’s New Anti-Human Trafficking Law: What You Need to Know  

June 8, 2016

Blog and Podcast

Human trafficking in India has reached a crisis level. A prominent headline in The Hindu last week declared ”An unsavory fact: India tops global slavery index.” A U.S. State Department report estimates that up to 65 million people were trafficked into forced labor, both into and within India. More recently, research reveals that India has the highe… Read more


A Multi-Actor Dialogue Model for Public Land Dispute Resolution in Vietnam

March 22, 2016


Over the last two decades, economic and regulatory reforms in Vietnam have stimulated a vibrant residential land market, an urban construction boom and an ascendant middle class. But these reforms have also unleashed waves of conflict over land. “Hot spots” have erupted where people directly, and sometimes violently, challenge state land policies a… Read more


Minorities within the Minority: Indigenous Communities in the Bangsamoro

August 6, 2014

Blog and Podcast

In March this year, a major milestone passed in the 40-year effort to end hostilities in the Philippines between the national government and Muslim separatist fronts. The government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) signed a Comprehensive…