What a Clean Energy Future Demands: A Massive Shift in Critical Minerals and Global Supply Chains


By Gordon Flake, Kyung-sook Lee, John Brandon

Several areas of potential cooperation between the Republic of Korea (ROK), Australia, and the United States need timely attention. These include enhancing collaboration in the security, defense, and diplomatic domains and building new and deeper ties in energy cooperation, critical minerals, and supply chains. Economic and trade cooperation between the ROK, Australia, and the United States will do more than bring prosperity to each country. Their regional influence will reinforce freedom, openness, and a rules-based order. Although the foreign policies of these three nations inevitably reflect their domestic concerns, their mutual interests and shared flashpoints in the region make cooperation essential. On June 7 and 8, 2023, The Asia Foundation and the Perth USAsia Centre in Australia organized the second Republic of Korea–Australia–United States trilateral dialogue in Seoul to explore opportunities for future trilateral cooperation.

This meeting was built on the Foundation’s first trilateral dialogue, held virtually in December 2021, which identified energy, critical minerals, and supply chains as promising areas where the three nations could cooperate to reinforce their trilateral relationship.

Posted October 23, 2023
Related locations: Korea, Washington DC
Related programs: Regional and International Relations