Optimizing Screening and Support Services for GBV and TIP Victims
The Asia Foundation, with support from the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TIP) at the United States Department of State, conducted a multicountry qualitative research study to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of screening and service provision to victims of trafficking in persons (TIP) and gender-based violence (GBV) in diverse contexts. The study's primary objective is to identify promising practices and challenges in integrating or separating services for GBV and TIP victims in the three target countries of India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. GBV and TIP victims often suffer similar and intersecting forms of abuse, however, during the screening process these multiple vulnerabilities are often not identified, and hence care is delayed. This study is premised upon a deeper study of these intersections; their resultant impact on the identification of victims; leading to a concluding exploration of effective service delivery to the victims, and whether these stand in need of integration.Research Methodology
The research adopted a qualitative approach to data collection, with in-depth and structured interviews conducted with identified stakeholders including government and nongovernmental service providers, law enforcement officials, and victims of TIP and GBV. Focus group discussions were facilitated with some key stakeholders to supplement the key informant interviews (KII). The research sites in the three countries were chosen to capture the source, transit, and destination sites of trafficking. The data collection for this research was conducted during the Covid-19 pandemic and thus had to be adapted to virtual platforms. However, interviews with victims were only conducted in person once mobility improved, to avoid retriggering their trauma. In a remote interview setting, this trauma would have been difficult to address, and support with resources and referrals.Potential for integration of services for TIP and GBV victims
The findings from the three-country studies indicate three directions for integration of services:
Resources for service delivery across the three countries are uncertain, uneven, and scarce. Additionally, different agencies are involved in service delivery. These agencies are spread out geographically, creating hurdles for victims in navigating the different service delivery centers. Thus, some interviewed stakeholders saw integration as a pragmatic way forward for optimum resource utilization and services to be pooled at a common location.
Another group of stakeholders recommended a hybrid service delivery model where some services could be integrated, such as legal, medical, and healthcare, psychosocial counseling, livelihood, and capacity development training (including skills training).
Some stakeholders maintained that services should be kept separate. The argument for separation was made on the grounds that the service needs of GBV and TIP victims are different, albeit with some commonalities. However, the risk of not being able to do justice to either group by integrating services has to be realistically considered.
Optimizing Screening and Support Services for Gender-Based Violence and Trafficking in Persons Victims in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka
May 23, 2022
Gender-based violence (GBV) and trafficking in persons (TIP) continue to be significant concerns in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. In India and Nepal, the number of both GBV and TIP cases is high. In Sri Lanka, while GBV is high, there are comparatively fewer registered TIP cases. Commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor are the two dominant f… Read more
Optimizing Screening and Support Services of Gender-Based Violence and Trafficking in Person Victims in Nepal
May 23, 2022
Spread across three countries in South Asia—India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka—this research project aimed to identify promising practices and challenges in integrating or separating services for victims of human trafficking and gender-based violence (GBV) with the ultimate goal of improving services to the victims in a variety of contexts. Violence again… Read more
Optimizing Screening and Support Services of Gender-Based Violence and Trafficking in Person Victims in India
March 3, 2022
In India, cases of trafficking in persons (TIP) have risen since 2019 alongside a dip in conviction rates. This raises valid questions on the existent gaps in the screening and identification process and procedure, and how best to strengthen the existing service systems. A key question underlying this research was the possibility of integrating or… Read more
Optimizing Screening and Support Services for Gender-Based Violence and Trafficking in Person Victims in Sri Lanka
February 24, 2022
Sri Lanka’s checkered track record of extending services to victims of trafficking in persons (TIP) raises valid questions of how best to strengthen the systems in place. Given limited resources, a common argument put forth is to integrate services provided to TIP victims with those provided to victims of gender-based violence (GBV). This multicoun… Read more