Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring Nepal
(IRM Project)

The independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring Project (IRM) was implemented almost immediately after a devastating earthquake hit Nepal on 25 April 2015, followed by another major quake on 12 May 2015. IRM is a longitudinal mixed-methods study developed to systematically monitor patterns of recovery and evolving needs, to track whether disaster responses were effective and accountable. The first round of research took place in June 2015, with three subsequent rounds until April 2017, and another round in 2019 leading up to the five year anniversary of the earthquake. The data help present a clearer picture of who is recovering, who is not, and what are the reasons.

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Project overview

Phase 5

Coming in May 2020

Early Findings from Round 5

Phase 4

April 2017
Two years after two powerful earthquakes hit Nepal in April and May 2015, the Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring project (IRM) completed its fourth round of research to track how people are recovering, what aid has been provided and how effective it has been, which groups are being left behind, and what coping strategies people have used.

Phase 3

September 2016
Eighteen months from the earthquakes that hit Nepal in April and May 2015, the third wave of the Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring project (IRM) tracks the extent to which people have recovered, what coping strategies they are using and how effective they are, how aid is helping and which groups are being left behind.

Thematic Report

Nepal Government Distribution of Earthquake Reconstruction Cash Grants for Private Houses

This report details findings from the qualitative field research conducted in Gorkha and Dolakha—the first two districts where the disbursement started—during July 2016 along with data from three rounds of qualitative and quantitative fieldwork.

Phase 2

February-March 2016
One year on from 25 April 2015, when a devastating earthquake hit Nepal, the situation in affected areas reveals the depth of impacts and the complex ways in which recovery is occurring. The second wave of the Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring (IRM), conducted in March 2016, tracks changes since last June.

Phase 1

June 2015
On 25 April 2015, a powerful 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck Nepal. Thousands were killed, tens of thousands were injured, and hundreds of thousands of homes were damaged or destroyed. A second major earthquake struck less than three weeks later, killing hundreds more and adding to the destruction.

Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring (IRM) Project Nepal Overview

Publication

Learn about the Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring Project (IRM).

Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring (IRM) Project Nepal – Early Findings from Round 5

March 16, 2020

Publication

The Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring Project (IRM) was implemented almost immediately after two devastating earthquakes hit Nepal on 25 April 2015 and 12 May 2015. IRM is a longitudinal mixed-methods study developed to systematically monitor social impacts of the disaster and the response over the longer-term, collecting evidence that goes beyond one-off damage and needs assessments. This briefing note…

Dalits Left Behind as Nepal Slowly Recovers

April 19, 2017

Blog Post

Two years ago, Nepal was hit by two devastating earthquakes. As the country still struggles to recover, evidence from research conducted by The Asia Foundation reveals that Dalits, a section of society traditionally deemed as “untouchable,” and other lower caste groups face particular barriers which have made recovery more challenging. Natural disa… Read more

Asia Foundation Releases New Report on Aid and Recovery in Post-Earthquake Nepal

Kathmandu, March 15, 2017

News Post

Eighteen months from the earthquakes that hit Nepal in April and May 2015, The Asia Foundation is releasing the first report in the third wave of the Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring project (IRM). The project assesses the extent to which people have recovered, what coping strategies they are using and how effective they are, how aid is… Read more

Aid and Recovery in Post‐Earthquake Nepal: Eighteen Months On

December 27, 2016

Publication

Early findings from Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring Round Three One and a half years after the devastating earthquakes in Nepal, how have conditions in the affected zone evolved? This brief provides preliminary findings from the third round of the Foundation’s longitudinal mixed method research, Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitori… Read more

Nepal Government Distribution of Earthquake Reconstruction Cash Grants for Private Houses

December 14, 2016

Publication

The earthquakes of April and May 2015 caused massive housing destruction with over half a million houses collapsed or badly damaged. Over 18 months on from the earthquakes, the pace of reconstruction has been slow. Most people whose homes were damaged remained in self-constructed temporary shelters or had moved back into their dangerously damaged h… Read more

4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal

October 5, 2016

Blog Post

A year and a half after a series of major earthquakes struck Nepal, causing widespread devastation and killing nearly 9,000 people, the pace of reconstruction remains painfully slow. One month ago, the prime minister announced an additional $1,000 in relief per household, which would raise the total resources available to each affected household to… Read more

Asia Foundation Releases Report on Aid and Recovery in Post-Earthquake Nepal

Kathmandu, September 26, 2016

News Post

Following the deadly earthquakes in Nepal last year, The Asia Foundation developed the Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring (IRM) project, which tracks the effectiveness of aid delivery and its impact on recovery in the aftermath of the earthquakes. Recently, the Foundation released the second phase of reports, which focuses on the depth of… Read more

Tracking Conditions on the Ground in Post-Earthquake Nepal

June 1, 2016

Blog Post

The impacts of the devastating earthquakes that struck Nepal in April and May of 2015 are still being felt by thousands of families in affected districts. It has been, and will continue to be, a significant challenge for Nepal to fully recover. In order to plan and implement effective responses, up-to-date and accurate information from the field wi… Read more

Aid and Recovery in Post-Earthquake Nepal: One Year On

May 21, 2016

Publication

The devastating earthquake that struck Nepal on 25 April 2015 impacted hundreds of thousands of lives. High quality information from affected areas is critical to planning and delivering recovery and reconstruction assistance. The Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring for Accountability in Post-Earthquake Nepal (IRM) project provides regular… Read more

Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring Project

The independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring Project is a longitudinal mixed-methods study developed to systematically monitor patterns of recovery and evolving needs, to track whether disaster responses were effective and accountable. The first round of research took place in June 2015, with three subsequent rounds until April 2017, and another… Read more

Interview: Singh Bahadur Khatri (Kerabari, Sindhupalchok)

Khatri was working as a migrant labor in the Gulf when the 2015 Gorkha earthquake destroyed his settlement, and a subsequent landslide made the village uninhabitable. His only daughter was killed by the landslide. He and more than 30 other households had to be resettled. They have completed rebuilding their houses in the new settlement, but their r… Read more

Interview: Setimaya Damai (Syaule, Sindhupalchok)

Damai is a single, landless Dalit woman who was living on public forest land when the earthquake destroyed her house. She lived alone in a temporary shelter until the end of 2019 when she finally received government financial assistance to buy a plot of land and started rebuilding. This interview was filmed in November 2019 for the Independent Impa… Read more

Interview: Junimaya Tamang (Katarje, Sindhupalchok)

Tamang is a single woman whose house and cowshed were destroyed by the 2015 Gorkha earthquake in Nepal. Her house was assessed but her name did not appear in the beneficiary list for a government housing reconstruction grant. She has filed multiple grievances but is yet to be enlisted as a beneficiary. She still lives in the damaged house as well a… Read more

Aid and Recovery in Post-Earthquake Nepal – Part 2

The Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring (IRM) project, led by The Asia Foundation and funded by the UK Department for International Development and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, was implemented almost immediately after a devastating earthquake hit Nepal on 25 April 2015, followed by another major quake on 12 May 2015. IR… Read more

Aid and Recovery in Post-Earthquake Nepal

The Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring for Accountability in Post-Earthquake Nepal (IRM) project provides regular and rigorous data on how people’s needs are evolving, the challenges they face, the coping strategies they use, and the extent to which aid is helping. This video features interviews with affected households and was produced by… Read more

Use our data portal to explore IRM findings and download the data sets.

Highlights from the IRM Project

Early Findings from Round 5

This briefing note is based on early findings from the fifth and final round of the survey completed in September-October 2019 with 5857 respondents. Two reports from the fifth round will be published in April 2020.

Dalits Left Behind as Nepal Slowly Recovers

Two years ago, Nepal was hit by two devastating earthquakes. As the country still struggles to recover, evidence from research conducted by The Asia Foundation reveals that Dalits, a section of society traditionally deemed as “untouchable,” and other lower caste groups face particular barriers which have made recovery more challenging. Natural disasters do not discriminate in who they impact. Yet individuals’ ability to recover is strongly shaped by systems of social and economic stratification…

 

4 Things to Know About Post-Earthquake Aid and Recovery in Nepal

A year and a half after a series of major earthquakes struck Nepal, causing widespread devastation and killing nearly 9,000 people, the pace of reconstruction remains painfully slow. One month ago, the prime minister announced an additional $1,000 in relief per household, which would raise the total resources available to each affected household to $3,000. However, the National Reconstruction Authority (NRA), which plans to distribute the money in three installments, has so far been unable to complete the distribution of even the first installment of $500 to affected households…